This activity is designed to change: Competence, Performance.4hr(s)
Activity Format:

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Overview

Goal: Physicians will screen for tobacco use and conduct tobacco cessation interventions among specific patient populations, including children, adolescents, pregnant women, and elderly patients.

Professional Practice GapsTobacco use is always a concern, but needs extra attention in certain specific populations. The 2009 NSDUH reports that more than 15% of pregnant women, 11% of children age 12-17, and 8% of people over 65% (CDC, 2008) use tobacco. All of these groups should be urged to quit tobacco use to prevent delayed growth and development (for both children and children-in-utero), cause exacerbation of existing health problems, affect efficacy of medications (USPSTF, 2009; Drug Facts and Comparisons, 2008; USDHHS 2014). Physicians need to do a better job screening and providing interventions for these patient groups.
Drug Facts and Comparisons. Drug Facts and Comparisons 2008.. St. Louis, MO. Facts and Comparisons. 2008.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Targeting tobacco use: the nation's leading cause of death, at-a-glance. CDC Web site. 2010. Available at: http://www.tobaccofreemaine.org/channels/workplaces/documents/TobaccoUse.pdf Accessed on: 2003-03-12.
United States Preventive Services Task Force. Genetic Risk Assessment and BRCA Mutation Testing for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility: Recommendation Statement: United States Preventive Services Task Force. Journal of Oncology. 2004; 3: . Available at: http://ispub.com/IJO/3/1/9180 Accessed on: 2014-09-20.
US Dept of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services. 2004. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/pdfs/executivesummary.pdf Accessed on: 2004-12-17.

Educational Objectives:

After completing this activity participants will be able to:
  • Conduct evidence-based, age or life-stage appropriate tobacco use prevention and cessation interventions for specific populations in a primary care practice.

  • Implement the current recommendations -- including indications and contraindications, special precautions, and warnings --- regarding use of nicotine replacement and other pharmacological therapies to treat different specific populations who are quitting tobacco use.

  • Utilize knowledge of the extent of tobacco dependence, the level of interest in quitting, and success rate for quitting among specific populations to guide tobacco interventions.

  • Apply motivational interviewing techniques in typical circumstances encountered in primary care with child, adolescent, pregnant, and elderly patients who have alcohol, tobacco, or other substance use problems.

Authors

As an ACCME accredited provider of continuing medical education, Clinical Tools, Inc.complies with the Standards for Commercial Support issued by the ACCME and requires disclosure of and resolution of any conflicts of interest for those in control of content.
Karen Rossie, RN, PhD (Research Scientist, Clinical Tools, Inc. )Karen Rossie, DDS, PhD, directs projects at Clinical Tools. She majored in biology at Cleveland State University and studied dentistry at Case Western Reserve University followed by completing a Masters in pathology at Ohio State University, and later, a PhD in Psychology from the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology. She taught and practiced oral pathology and oral medicine for 15 years at the Ohio State University and University of Pittsburgh, doing research in autoimmune disease, bone marrow transplantation, oral cancer, salivary gland disease, candidiasis, and diabetes. She has used this diverse background to lead or contribute to CTI projects related to tobacco cessation, opioid abuse treatment, anxiety, dementia care, alcohol use disorder, screening and brief interventions for substance abuse, obesity, and pain and addiction.
Disclosure: Has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
Mary P Metcalf, PhD, MPH (Vice President, Clinical Tools, Inc.)Mary Metcalf has had an interest in education since she first volunteer for the Insect Zoo at the Smithsonian in 1980. Since then, she has expanded her repertoire to include the development and assessment of medical and science education projects. She completed her undergraduate work at New College of Florida with a double major in Math and Anthropology, and graduate studies at the University of Virginia, in Anthropology. She worked in archaeology for 10 years, and is a Registered Professional Archaeologist. After her work in archaeology began to focus on education, she moved into health and medical education at Clinical Tools, Inc. in Pittsburgh, PA, where she also taught at Carnegie Mellon University from 1996-1998. Since relocating to Chapel Hill, NC, Dr. Metcalf has pursued additional education in public health, with an MPH from UNC-CH, and becoming a Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES). Dr. Metcalf brings her diverse background to Clinical Tools' project by concentrating on adult learning, and qualitative and quantitative assessment. She served as Principal Investigator for 3 SBIR Phase//Phase II projects, leading to EndingSuicide.com, and TobaccoCME.com, as well as BrainTrain4Kids.com. Dr. Metcalf enjoys doing yoga, anything that involves being outdoors, reading F/SF, and drinking black tea. Most of all, she enjoys spending time with her family, which includes three amazing and confusing children, and cleaning up the messes they leave behind.
Disclosure: Has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Reviewers

Carolyn Schlede, MD (Internal Medicine Attending and Director of the Smoking Cessation Clinic James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital, University of South Florida College of Medicine)Dr. Carolyn Schlede is an Attending physician with experience and expertise in smoking cessation. She graduated from Cornell and then received her medical degree from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. She did her residency in Internal Medicine at the University of South Florida. She is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine and Geriatric Medicine. She has been active in smoking cessation since establishing the Smoking Cessation Clinic at the James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital in 1984. Since that time she has been instrumental in establishing and expanding smoking cessation programs at VA hospitals and clinics throughout Florida and Puerto Rico, as well as many hospitals and clinics in the private sector. She has given numerous Grand Rounds, train-the-trainer workshops, seminars, and other CME programs on smoking cessation throughout the United States. She has been invited to participate in planning committees for tobacco cessation programs for the VA, Department of Defense, American Cancer Society, American Lung Association, and AHEC. Dr. Schlede has presented her research results at national meetings as well as international meetings, including the World Conference on Tobacco or Health.
Disclosure: Has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
Ted Diedrich, MSc (SBIRT Progarm Coordinator; PhD Student, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, CO University of Colorado at Denver)
Disclosure: Has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
Timothy John McGrath, MD, MBA (Family Physician, Private Practice )Dr. McGrath is currently in private practice in Mebane, North Carolina. He earned his undergraduate degree at Drew University and his medical degree at the Medical College of Georgia. He completed his residency at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he served as Chief Resident in the Department of Family Medicine. His interests include preventive medicine and disease modifying lifestyles, medical delivery systems, and medical economics. He is currently enrolled in the Kenan Flagler executive master of business administration program at UNC. Dr. McGrath is an active member of the NCAFP, AAFP, and AMA.
Disclosure: Has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

Review Dates

Content Review:Editorial Review:
Thu, 4/29/2010Thu, 4/29/2010

Modules in this Training Activity

  • Tobacco: Children and Tobacco: Three Cases

  • SP: Julie: Pregnancy and Smoking

  • Tobacco in Teens: A Case

  • Tobacco in Older Adults

Module Practice Gap References
Alfano CM, Zbikowski SM, Robinson LA, Klesges RC, Scarinci IC. Adolescent reports of physician counseling for smoking. Pediatrics. 2002; 109(3): E47.
BSAS. Adolescent Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Alcohol and Other Drug Use: Using the CRAFFT Screening Tool. Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Substance Abuse Service. 2009. Available at: http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/clinical-practice/sbirt/adolescent_screening,_brieft_intervention_and_referral_to_treatment_for_alcohol.pdf Accessed on: 2015-03-11.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cigarette smoking among adults -- United States, 2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2008; 57(45): 1221-1226.
Ellerbeck EF, Ahluwalia JS, Jolicoeur DG, Gladden J, Mosier MC. Direct observation of smoking cessation activities in primary care practice. Journal of Family Practice. 2001`; 50(8): 688-695.
Fiore MC, Jaen CR, Baker TB, et al. Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update. Clinical Practice Guideline. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. May 2008.
Key JD, Marsh LD. Missed opportunities for prevention: failure to identify smoking in the parents of adolescent patients.. Substance Abuse. 2002; 23(4): 215-221. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12438834 Accessed on: 2015-09-22.
McAfee T, Ludman E, Grothaus L, et al. Physician tobacco advice to preteens in a smoking-prevention randomized trial: steering clear. J Pediatr Psychol. 2005; 30(4): 371-376.
Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-38A, HHS Publication No. SMA 10-4586 Findings, Rockville, MD. 2010. Available at: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NSDUH/2k9NSDUH/2k9ResultsP.pdf Accessed on: 2010-09-21.
Smoking cessation treatment by primary care physicians: An update and call for training. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2006; 31(3): 233-239.
Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity Losses --- United States, 2000--2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2008; 57(45): 1226–1228. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5745a3.htm
Smoking-related attitudes and clinical practices of medical personnel in Minnesota. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2004; 27(4): 316-322.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-36, DHHS Publication SMA 09-4434 . 2009. Available at: http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k8nsduh/2k8Results.htm Accessed on: 2009-09-10.
Tailoring tobacco counseling to the competing demands in the clinical encounter. Journal of Family Practice. 2001; 50(10): .
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Smoking. A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Health Promotion and Education, Office on Smoking and Health. 1986.
US Dept of Health and Human Services. Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, Ga: Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Dept of Health and Human Services. 1994.
US Dept of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services. 2004. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/pdfs/executivesummary.pdf Accessed on: 2004-12-17.

Audience and Accreditation

Audience:

Physicians and other health care providers

A letter of completion for up to 4 hour(s) is available for non-physicians.
A score of 70% on the post-test is required to complete the activity.
Participation Requirements

Activity Credit: Obtaining credit for participation in this activity requires that you complete the pre-assessments, work through the modules (including all in-module interactive activities), complete the post-assessments with a 70% score on the post-test, and then request credit. At the end of the activity, you will be instructed on how to print out a certificate for your records.

Time Requirement: Keep track of the amount of time it takes you to complete this activity. You will be required to spend a set amount of time in order to claim credit. You should claim credit only for the time actually spent in the activity.

Technical Requirement: To participate in this activity, you will need a computer, an Internet connection, and a Web browser. This activity requires Chrome, Firefox, and IE7 or higher.

Training Activity References
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FundingInitial development of this activity was supported by a grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (#R44HL65885).