Training Activity References:
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Blueprint for Provider Education Program. FDA.
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Burroughs VJ, Maxey RW, Levy RA. Racial and ethnic differences in response to medicines: Toward individualized pharmaceutical treatment. J National Medical Assoc.
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Clinical pharmacokinetics of morphine. Ther Drug Monit. 1991; 13: 1-23.
Conjoint screening questionnaires for alcohol and other drug abuse: criterion validity in a primary care practice. Wis Med J. 1995; 94: 135-140.
Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century. National Academy Press. Washington, DC..
2001. Available at: http://www.nap.edu/read/10027/chapter/1
Accessed on: 2011-12-12.
Current status of pain management in children. JAMA. 2003; 290(18): 2464-2469.
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Development and validation of the current opioid misuse measure. Pain. 2007; 130(1-2): 144-156.
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Dose-related effects of methadone on QT prolongation in a series of patients with torsade de pointes. Pharmacotherapy. 2003; 23: 802-805.
Effects of smoking on neuropathic pain in two people with spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2005; 28(4): 330-332.
EXALGO(TM) Risk Evaluation & Mitigation Strategy. EXALGO(TM) Risk Evaluation & Mitigation Strategy. 2011.
Foundations of Opioid Risk Management. Clinical Journal of Pain. 2007; 23(2): 103-118.
Gourlay D, Heit H, Caplan Y. Urine Drug Testing in Primary Care: Dispelling the Myths & Designing Strategies. California Academy of Family Physicians.
2002. Available at: http://www.alaskaafp.org/udt.pdf
Accessed on: 2005-03-15.
Increase in fatal poisonings involving opioid analgesics in the United States, 1999-2006. NCHS Data Brief, no. 22. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
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Management of fibromyalgia syndrome. JAMA. 2004; 292: 2388-2395.
Managing Chronic Pain With Opioids in Primary Care. The PainEDU.org Manual. 2010; 2nd ed: . Accessed on: 2012-05-21.
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NSAID prescribing precautions. Am Fam Physician. 2009; 80(12): 1371-8.
Opioid contracts in chronic nonmalignant pain management: objectives and uncertainties. Am J Med. 2006; 119: 292-296.
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Opioid therapy for chronic pain. N Engl J Med. 2003; 349(20): 1943-53.
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Opioids for chronic noncancer pain: tailoring the therapy to fit the patient and the pain. Postgrad Med. 2004; 116(3): 37-40, 43-44.
Opioids in the patient with chronic nonmalignant pain: a retrospective review. J Opioid Manag. 2006; 2: 31-34.
Osteoarthritis: a review of treatment options. Formulary. 2009; 44: 143-151.
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Predicting aberrant behaviors in opioid-treated patients: Preliminary validation of the Opioid Risk Tool. Pain Medicine. 2005; 6(6): 432-442.
Predicting aberrant drug behavior in patients treated for chronic pain: importance of abuse history. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2004; 28(3): 250-258.
Pregnancy outcome in women who use opiates. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2006; 126: 170-175.
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Accessed on: 2012-11-14.
Psychological factors as predictors of opioid abuse and illicit drug use in chronic pain patients. Journal of Opioid Management. 2007; 3(2): 89-100.
Racial injustice in health care. N Engl J Med. 2000; 342: 1045-1047.
Recognizing and Preventing Medication Diversion. Family Practice Management. 2001; 8(9): 37-41.
Smoking and pain: pathophysiology and clinical implications. Anesthesiology. 2010; 113(4): 977-992.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-36, DHHS Publication SMA 09-4434
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Accessed on: 2009-09-10.
Systematic review: opioid treatment for chronic back pain: prevalence, efficacy, and association with addiction. Ann Intern Med. 2007; 146(2): 116-127.
The Faces Pain Scale - Revised: Toward a common metric in pediatric pain measurement. Pain. 2001; 93: 173-183.
The opioid contract in the management of chronic pain. J Pain Symptom Manage. 1999; 18(1): 6-8.
The role of opioid analgesics in rheumatoid disease in the elderly population. Drugs Aging. 2003; 20(8): 571-583.
The role of urine toxicology in chronic opioid analgesic therapy. Pain Manag Nurs. 2007; 8(4): 166-172.
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Accessed on: 2009-12-01.
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