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Editorial Board

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 48 min ago
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)

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Acknowledgement to Peer Reviewers (8/1/2013-8/1/2014)

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 48 min ago
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)

Call for Applications

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 48 min ago
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)

Call for Papers

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 48 min ago
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)

Table of Contents

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 48 min ago
(Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment)

Beliefs and Attitudes of Mental Health Professionals with Respect to Gambling and Other High Risk Behaviors in Schools

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
Abstract Studies have shown that mental health service provider perceptions of problems and knowledge of resources are among the largest determinants of service provision and referral. The current study aims at exploring mental health professionals’ awareness of, attitudes towards and beliefs regarding high-risk behaviors in youth, including gambling. Child psychologists, social workers, and psychoeducators (n = 649) responded to an online survey. Findings revealed that problem gambling was viewed by most professionals as the least serious adolescent risk behavior, and few reported feeling confident in their abilities to deal with youth with gambling problems. However, the majority of professionals felt that they have a significant role to play in the prevention of youth ga...

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Tears in Your Beer: Gender Differences in Coping Drinking Motives, Depressive Symptoms and Drinking

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
This study evaluates associations between coping drinking motives (CDM; drinking to regulate negative affect), depressive symptoms, and drinking behavior and extends the literature by also taking into account gender differences. Two hundred forty-three college students (Mean age = 22.93, SD = 6.29, 82 % female) participated. Based on previous research, we expected that CDM would be positively associated with drinking and problems, particularly among those higher in depressive symptoms, as individuals experiencing higher levels of negative affect (i.e. depressive symptoms) and who drink to cope are likely to drink more and experience more alcohol-related problems. Lastly, based on established gender differences, we expected that CDM would be positively associated with drinking and ...

Mom, Dad It’s Only a Game! Perceived Gambling and Gaming Behaviors among Adolescents and Young Adults: an Exploratory Study

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
Abstract Gambling and gaming are increasingly popular activities among adolescents. Although gambling is illegal in Portugal for youth under the age of 18 years, gambling opportunities are growing, mainly due to similarity between gambling and other technology-based games. Given the relationship between gambling and gaming, the paucity of research on gambling and gaming behaviors in Portugal, and the potential negative consequences these activities may have in the lives of young people, the goal of this study was to explore and compare the perceptions of these two behaviors between Portuguese adolescents and young adults. Results from six focus groups (comprising 37 participants aged between 13 and 26 years) indicated different perceptions for the two age groups. For adolescent...

Reconstructing ‘the Alcoholic’: Recovering from Alcohol Addiction and the Stigma this Entails

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
Abstract Public perception of alcohol addiction is frequently negative, whilst an important part of recovery is the construction of a positive sense of self. In order to explore how this might be achieved, we investigated how those who self-identify as in recovery from alcohol problems view themselves and their difficulties with alcohol and how they make sense of others’ responses to their addiction. Semi-structured interviews with six individuals who had been in recovery between 5 and 35 years and in contact with Alcoholics Anonymous were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The participants were acutely aware of stigmatising images of ‘alcoholics’ and described having struggled with a considerable dilemma in accepting this identity themselves. However...

Narrative Therapy for Treating Video Game Addiction

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
This article reviews the construct of video game addiction and posits utilizing narrative therapy in a manner tailored to the video game culture. By focusing upon the skills inherent in being a successful gamer, clients can translate those skills from online to offline and make substantial changes in their lives. Also, an appendix with commonly used terms in the video game culture is provided. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction)

The Influence of Individualism and Drinking Identity on Alcohol Problems

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
This study evaluated the interactive association between individualism and drinking identity predicting alcohol use and problems. Seven hundred and ten undergraduates (Mean age = 22.84, SD = 5.31, 83.1 % female) completed study materials. We expected that drinking identity and individualism would positively correlate with drinking variables. We further expected that individualism would moderate the association between drinking identity and drinking such that the relationship between drinking identity and alcohol outcomes would be positively associated, particularly among those high in individualism. Our findings supported our hypotheses. These findings better explain the relationship between drinking identity, individualism, and alcohol use. Furthermore, this research encourages t...

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Prevalence of Internet Addiction in a Sample of Southern Italian High School Students

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 49 min ago
Abstract The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of Internet Addiction (IA) in a sample of Italian high school students accounting for age, gender, place of residence, and kind of internet activity. The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was administered to a sample of 1,035 high schools students (ages ranging from 13 to 22 years; 47.92 % girls) from three southern Italian cities. The prevalence of pathological Internet use in our high school students sample was 3.9 %, with males showing a higher likelihood of developing pathological Internet use. The most recurring Internet activities for excessive users were online games and online communication. No effect of age, place of residence, and region of residence was found. The results of this study reaffirm the impor...

The relationship between alcohol taxes and binge drinking: evaluating new tax measures incorporating multiple tax and beverage types

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 9 hours 50 min ago
ConclusionsCompared with volume‐based tax measures, combined tax measures (i.e., those incorporating volume‐based tax and value‐based taxes) yield substantial improvement in model fit and find more negative tax elasticity and price elasticity predicting adult binge drinking prevalence in U.S. states. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Addiction)

Emotional Core Therapy - Root Cause of Psychological Stress

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 12 hours 15 min ago
Counselor Robert A. Moylan, LCPC has discovered, through 20 years of psychology research, the simplest and most effective behavioral psychology approach currently available in the world to treat most relationship stress, including eating disorders, addictions, depression, anxiety, anger, trauma, marital discord, sports psychology and personality disorders. His book for adults, "Emotional Core Therapy," was the top-rated book on Amazon.com in 2014 in two categories: "Mental Health" and "Emotions." Mr. Moylan's blog has a downloadable version of the book, Emotional Core Therapy: http://www.robertmoylanlcpc.blogspot.com. His book for teens, called "Emotional Core Therapy for Adolescents", was ranked number seven in the same category. http://www.amazon.com/gp/top-rated/digital-text/156493011/r...

Post-traumatic stress disorder and illicit drug use in veterans presenting to primary care with alcohol misuse

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - 15 hours 50 min ago
Addiction Research & Theory, Ahead of Print. (Source: Addiction Research and Theory)

Characterization of plasmids encoding CTX-M β-lactamase and their addiction systems in Escherichia coli isolates from animals

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - November 26, 2014 - 6:00pm
This study was focused on characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolates from chickens and CTX-M associated plasmid addiction systems (PASs) in E. coli from animals using molecular methods. In total, E. coli from nine (9.0%) of the 100 chicken samples examined produced CTX-M type ESBL namely CTX-M-14 (n =4), CTX-M-15 (n =4), and CTX-M-1 (n =1). All of them harbored an additional bla TEM-1 gene. Transfer of bla CTX-M gene was observed in eight out of the nine bla CTX-M-positive isolates by conjugation. Plasmid profiling of bla CTX-M-positive transconjugants revealed a high-molecular weight (95–165kb) plasmid. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed that most CTX-M-producing chicken isolates were genetically diverse. Furthermore, investigation...

Effect of the environmental enrichment on the severity of psychological dependence and voluntary methamphetamine consumption in methamphetamine withdrawn rats

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - November 26, 2014 - 6:00pm
This study evaluated effect of the EE on the anxiety-depression profile and voluntary METH consumption in METH-dependent rats after abstinence. The rats were chronically treated with bi-daily doses (2mg/kg, at 12h intervals) of METH over a period of 14 days. METH dependent rats reared in standard environment (SE) or EE during spontaneous METH withdrawal which lasted 30 days. Then, the rats were tested for anxiety (the elevated plus maze-EPM) and depression (forced swim test-FST) and also voluntary consumption of METH using a two-bottle choice paradigm (TBC). The results showed that the EE rats exhibited an increase in EPM open arm time and entries (P <0.05), lower levels of immobility (P <0.001) as compared with the SE groups. Preference ratio of METH was less in the METH/EE ...

Substance use and risky sexual behaviours among street connected children and youth in Accra, Ghana

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - November 26, 2014 - 6:00pm
Conclusion: Substance use seems to serve as a possible risk factor for sexual risk behaviours among homeless youth. Harm reduction interventions are needed to prevent street children and youth from engaging in substance use and risky sexual behaviours. Such programmes should pay special attention to females and younger children who are highly susceptible to the adverse conditions on the street. (Source: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy)

7 Secrets of Successful People

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - November 26, 2014 - 3:38pm
I was fortunate enough to become a millionaire right around the same time I could legally drink after starting my brokerage account with just $12,000 in Bar Mitzvah gift money. Now that I've been teaching stock trading for a few years I also have several self-sufficient millionaire students. Long story short, I've been obsessed with success and discovering what makes people successful all my life. Below are the seven secrets of successful people: Secret #1: Don't do it for the $ I know it sounds strange given that in my profession I'm judged by the money I make or lose and now that I teach my success is determined by my students' profits. But for my top students and me money has always simply been a byproduct of hard work and study -- if we investigate a stock, industry or trend enough, ...

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