Is Drinking with Parents Associated with High-Risk Drinking among Adolescents

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 10:37pm
Conclusions: DWP was related to adolescent high-risk drinking, yet the association was in part attributable to parents' drinking and parenting style. The risk of involvement in high-risk drinking was about the same for adolescents reporting no DWP and infrequent DWP, while it was significantly elevated among those reporting frequent DWP. This study thus demonstrated that the frequency of DWP matters and that parents who drink with their adolescent children differ from other parents in important ways.Eur Addict Res 2015;21:291-299 (Source: European Addiction Research)

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Three-Year Course of Cannabis Dependence and Prediction of Persistence

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 10:37pm
Conclusions: Persistence of cannabis dependence in the community is low, difficult to predict, and associated with a negative outcome. The substantial proportion of stable non-persisters suggests that screening and monitoring or low-threshold brief interventions may suffice for many non-treatment-seeking cannabis-dependent people. However, those with many lifetime abuse/dependence symptoms may benefit from more intensive interventions.Eur Addict Res 2015;21:279-290 (Source: European Addiction Research)

Postdetoxification Factors Predicting Alcohol‐Related Emergency Room Visits 12 to 24 Months After Discharge: Results from a Prospective Study of Patients with Alcohol Dependence

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 10:37pm
ConclusionsMonitoring changes in psychiatric symptoms and family life early after a detoxification program may help identify patients who are vulnerable to relapse in the subsequent 18‐month period. Systematic screening for these changes as early as possible, in combination with appropriate treatment and the establishment of a social support system, could be fundamental in avoiding further relapses and ER visits. (Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research)

Adolescents from affluent city districts drink more alcohol than others

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 10:36pm
ConclusionAdolescents in affluent areas of Oslo, Norway report the highest levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol intoxication of all areas; neighbourhood characteristics such as education, income, and unemployment levels seem to play a role in such drinking behaviour. Alcohol users in poorer districts reported more alcohol problems than those in other districts; however, here neighbourhood effects do not seem to play a role. (Source: Addiction)

The initial measurement structure of the Home Drinking Assessment Scale (HDAS)

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 10:12pm
Drugs: education, prevention, and policy, Ahead of Print. (Source: Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy)

Inside Huntington's

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 4:52pm
My first year out of college, I worked as a lab technician in a neurobiology lab at Massachusetts General Hospital East researching drug addiction. I was 22 years old in February 1993 when the scientists down the hall began celebrating, puncturing the typically austere bubble of this neuroscience research floor with big emotion. I remember pausing, my pipette hovering ready in hand, waiting for the details of whatever this exciting news was to reach me. I could feel it coming like a wave. The news was monumental. These scientists down the hall had just isolated the genetic mutation that causes Huntington's disease (HD). I remember the goosebumps on my arms, knowing I was witnessing a historic moment in all of neuroscience. This genetic mutation is the only thing that causes HD, and these ...

The affective dimension of pain as a risk factor for drug and alcohol addiction - LeBlanc DM, McGinn MA, Itoga CA, Edwards S.

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 12:31pm
Addiction, or substance use disorder (SUD), is a devastating psychiatric disease composed of multiple elemental features. As a biobehavioral disorder, escalation of drug and/or alcohol intake is both a cause and consequence of molecular neuroadaptations in... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))

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Theories and Assumptions That Inform Trauma-Specific Interventions for Incarcerated Women

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 9:26am
The field of interventional outcomes research in programs designed to treat trauma in correctionally involved women involves contributions from researchers in a variety of disciplines. In this review, we asked how recent interventional studies addressed 3 theoretical touchstones—relational cultural theory, trauma theory, and addiction theory. We found that few outcomes studies engaged theory directly on any of these points and concluded that the opportunity for field-defining debate may risk getting lost in a quest for numbers or outcomes. We recommended that researchers more explicitly position their work, especially with respect to key theories and points of debate. (Source: Family and Community Health)

Inmates denied methadone treatment less likely to seek it once free

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 7:35am
When people on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) are incarcerated in the United States, they are almost always forced off of the addiction-controlling medicine. In a randomized trial, inmates allowed to stay on MMT while in jail proved much more likely to seek treatment after release than those whose treatment was interrupted. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

Parental smoking puts nearly half a million UK children into poverty

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 7:35am
Smoking is not only bad for your health; it also puts 400,000 children in poverty in the UK alone. Smoking places a financial burden on low income families, suggesting that parents are likely to forgo basic household and food necessities in order to fund their addiction. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

Methadone and Buprenorphine During Pregnancy.

Pub Med: Keyword Buprenorphine - May 29, 2015 - 6:30am

Methadone and Buprenorphine During Pregnancy.

J Addict Med. 2015 May-Jun;9(3):252

Authors: Newman RG, Gevertz SG

PMID: 26020157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Cocaine Use and Buprenorphine Compliance.

Pub Med: Keyword Buprenorphine - May 29, 2015 - 6:30am

Cocaine Use and Buprenorphine Compliance.

J Addict Med. 2015 May-Jun;9(3):251

Authors: DeMaria PA

PMID: 26020155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Training in Buprenorphine and Office-Based Opioid Treatment: A Survey of Psychiatry Residency Training Programs.

Pub Med: Keyword Buprenorphine - May 29, 2015 - 6:30am

Training in Buprenorphine and Office-Based Opioid Treatment: A Survey of Psychiatry Residency Training Programs.

Acad Psychiatry. 2015 May 28;

Authors: Suzuki J, Ellison TV, Connery HS, Surber C, Renner JA

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatrists are well suited to provide office-based opioid treatment (OBOT), but the extent to which psychiatry residents are exposed to buprenorphine training and OBOT during residency remains unknown.
METHODS: Psychiatry residency programs in the USA were recruited to complete a survey.
RESULTS: Forty-one programs were included in the analysis for a response rate of 23.7 %. In total, 75.6 % of the programs currently offered buprenorphine waiver training and 78.1 % provided opportunities to treat opioid dependence with buprenorphine under supervision. Programs generally not only reported favorable beliefs about OBOT and buprenorphine waiver training but also reported numerous barriers.
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of psychiatry residency training programs responding to this survey offer buprenorphine waiver training and opportunities to treat opioid-dependent patients, but numerous barriers continue to be cited. More research is needed to understand the role residency training plays in impacting future practice of psychiatrists.

PMID: 26017618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Patterns of drug abuse among drug users with regular and irregular attendance for treatment as detected by comprehensive UHPLC-HR-TOF-MS.

Pub Med: Keyword Buprenorphine - May 29, 2015 - 6:30am

Patterns of drug abuse among drug users with regular and irregular attendance for treatment as detected by comprehensive UHPLC-HR-TOF-MS.

Drug Test Anal. 2015 May 28;

Authors: Sundström M, Pelander A, Simojoki K, Ojanperä I

Abstract
The most severe consequences of drug abuse include infectious diseases, overdoses, and drug-related deaths. As the range of toxicologically relevant compounds is continually changing due to the emergence of new psychoactive substances (NPS), laboratories are encountering analytical challenges. Current immunoassays are insufficient for determining the whole range of the drugs abused, and a broad-spectrum screening method is therefore needed. Here, the patterns of drug abuse in two groups of drug users were studied from urine samples using a comprehensive screening method based on high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The two groups comprised drug abusers undergoing opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) or drug withdrawal therapy and routinely visiting a rehabilitation clinic, and drug abusers with irregular attendance at a harm reduction unit (HRU) and suspected of potential NPS abuse. Polydrug abuse was observed in both groups, but was more pronounced among the HRU subjects with a mean number of concurrent drugs per sample of 3.9, whereas among the regularly treated subjects the corresponding number was 2.1. NPS and pregabalin were more frequent among HRU subjects, and their abuse was always related to drug co-use. The most common drug combination for an HRU subject included amphetamine, cannabis, buprenorphine, benzodiazepine, and alpha-pyrrolidinovalerophenone. A typical set of drugs for treated subjects was buprenorphine, benzodiazepine, and occasionally amphetamine. Abuse of several concurrent drugs poses a higher risk of drug intoxication and a threat of premature termination of OMT. Since the subjects attending treatment used fewer concurrent drugs, this treatment could be valuable in reducing polydrug abuse. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID: 26017246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Hypovitaminosis D in adolescents living in the land of sun is correlated with incorrect life style: a survey study in Campania region

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 2:17am
Conclusions: The current study demonstrates that Vitamin D levels are commonly unsatisfactory in adolescents. Lower levels were found in overweight or obese adolescent, smokers and with low or absence of physical activity outdoors. (Source: Endocrine)

Analysis reveals more than one-quarter of all supermarket food contains toxic trans fats

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 29, 2015 - 1:00am
(NaturalNews) It is not a big secret that the processed food industry thrives on selling people junk foods made from cheap, addictive and often synthetic ingredients. However, a major loophole in the regulatory system has made it easier than ever for junk food manufacturers to also... (Source: NaturalNews.com)

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Self-reported time-to-relapse following smoking cessation: Comparison by operationalization of initial abstinence classification

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 28, 2015 - 10:05pm
Addiction Research & Theory, Ahead of Print. (Source: Addiction Research and Theory)

[Business Office Feature] Advances in addiction research: Applying genetic biomarkers to personalize treatments

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 28, 2015 - 7:00pm
Advancements in genetics, sequencing technology, and bioinformatics are changing the principles of current medical practice and transforming the standards of patient care. Genetic detection of common and rare variants within populations provides valuable information about predisposition and vulnerability to complex human disease. Data from large-scale genome-wide association studies have identified genetic variations correlated to biological events, enabling combinations of genetic and non-genetic markers to be translated into potential diagnostic tools. However, aspects of these programs are still evolving, including best practices for protocol development, sample processing, genetic/genomic analysis, data management, and quality control. In this webinar, our expert panel will discuss how...

Screening for substance misuse in the dental care setting: findings from a nationally representative survey of dentists

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 28, 2015 - 7:00pm
ConclusionWhile more than three quarters of U.S. dentists report that they ask their patients about substance misuse, two‐thirds do not agree that such screening is compatible with their professional role. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Addiction)

Design and baseline findings of a large‐scale rapid response to an HIV outbreak in people who inject drugs in Athens, Greece: the ARISTOTLE programme

MedWorm Addiction Feeds - May 28, 2015 - 7:00pm
ConclusionsIn Athens, Greece, the ARISTOTLE intervention for identifying HIV‐positive people among people who inject drugs (PWID) facilitated rapid identification of a hidden population experiencing an outbreak and provided HIV testing, counselling and linkage to care. According to ARISTOTLE data, the 2011 HIV outbreak in Athens resulted in 15% HIV infection among PWID. Risk factors for HIV among PWID included homelessness in men and history of imprisonment and number of sexual partners in women. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Addiction)

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